## Links to General Resources in the History and Philosophy of Mathematics

**General History Resources:**

- History of Mathematics References - PDF list of references compiled by Israel Kleiner
- David Joyce's History of Mathematics Page
- St. Andrews MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive
- D. Wilkins' History of Mathematics Page (17th to 19th century, particularly Berkeley, Hamilton, Riemann)
- History of Science in the United States in the 19th Century
- World History of Science - index of online resources

**General Philosophy Resources:**

**Seminars and Colloquia:**

- ARITHMOS: Readings in the History of Mathematics from Original Sources
- Seminar on Epistemology and History of Mathematical Ideas
- Ohio River Early Sources in Mathematical Exposition (ORESME) Reading Group
- Philadelphia Area Seminar on History of Mathematics
- The Frederick V. Pohle Colloquium in the History of Mathematics

**Teaching History or Philosophy of Mathematics:**

- History of Mathematics with Original Sources
- Teaching with Original Historical Sources in Mathematics
- Learning Discrete Mathematics and Computer Science via Primary Historical Sources
- Transforming Instruction in Undergraduate Mathematics via Primary Historical Resources (TRIUMPHS)

**Other Resources by Topic:**

- Acoustics: Smithsonian Science Teaching Collection
- Africa: Mathematicians of the African Diaspora (Scott Williams)
- Archimedes: Archimedes page (Chris Rorres)
- Calendars:
- Calendars, by L. E. Doggett
- Calendars Through the Ages (WebExhibits)
- Babylonian, Jewish, Muslim, Luni-Solar, Indian, and Iranian Calendars
- Computers, Technology and Mathematical Tools:
- History of Computing (J. A. N. Lee)
- A History of Information Technology and Systems
- Smithsonian Object Groups (National Museum of American History):
- Object groups include Adders, Adding Machines, Arithmetic Teaching Apparatus, Calculating Machines, Counters, Dividers & Compasses, Electronic Calculators-Desktop, Ellipsographs, Kinematic Models, Mathematical Charts and Tables, Mathematical Paintings of Crockett Johnson, Parallel Rules, Planimeters, Protractors, Scale Rules, Sectors, Slide Rules, Tabulating Equipment, The Abacus and the Numeral Frame, and Women Mathematicians and NMAH Collections

- The Oughtred Society: Archive of Collections
- Curves: National Curve Bank
- Euclid:
- Euclid's Elements Online
- Euclid's Elements: Perseus Digital Library (contains both Heiberg's Greek and Heath's English versions)
- Works of Euclid
- Fermat's Last Theorem: Nova Online: The Proof (Andrew Wiles and Fermat's Last Theorem)
- Galileo:
- Hypatia: Hypatia WWW Page (H. Landman)
- Islam: Muslim Scientists, Mathematicians and Astronomers
- Museum Exhibits:
- Museum of Mathematics
- Institute and Museum of History of Science in Florence, Italy (now the Museo Galileo)
- Museum of History of Science (Oxford)
- Emmy Noether: The Life and Times of Emmy Noether (Nina Byers)
- Quotations: Mathematics Quotations Server
- Triangles: Encylopedia of Triangle Centers
- Stamps:
- Statistics: History of Statistics
- Symbols: Earliest Uses of Mathematical Symbols
- Alan Turing: Alan Turing Home Page (Andrew Hodges)
- Women:
- Words: Earliest Uses of Some Mathematical Words